Municipalities are uniquely complex entities that are categorized by being in the realm of corporate and political organizations. Organized by residents of the area and mandated by the state, a municipality’s purpose is to provide public services to those who reside within that specific region of the state.
Municipalities are necessary to create a healthy, functioning society. Existing as building block to a larger, governmental picture, municipalities prioritize and assist a town’s public needs. According to The Maryland Municipal League, some characteristics of a municipality include:
- A distinct geographic territory
- A distinctly public character
- Formal organization
- General and specific powers to exercise
- Legal authority to exist
- Often a formal, written set of basic laws commonly called a charter
- Public officials who are elected periodically
- Specific functions to perform or services to provide
Municipal government is a crucial aspect to a structured community. There are many resources and utilities issued by a town’s municipality. Some municipal services include:
- Street and landscape maintenance
- Public library and schools
- Public transportation
- Food inspection
- Police and fire departments
Without proper standards, a municipality cannot maintain a significant, dependable structure. A municipality’s reliance on residents and their devotion towards their community is what keeps a consistent effort towards the betterment of a community. A cycle of public satisfaction, influx of residents, and passion for the area are needed for a community to thrive.
So, wondering how to organize and manage a municipality effectively? There are many things to consider when developing a plan. Creating a functional municipality factors in many more components compared to a typical organization.
First, Plan Ahead
Prepare to be prepared! A municipality can run into many circumstances that may be preventable if hindsight is applied. Being that there is an abundance of municipalities within a county, it is important to remember to work together and learn from one another. Look to avoid the same mistakes that a fellow municipality has already experienced. Municipalities surround each other and building a secure relationship with each one will give extra opportunities and support to the community in return.
Setting goals and measures is a great way to begin outlining a town’s municipal needs. Goals give a town something to strive for and maintain an outlook into the future. Measures are steps made to track performance and implements a straightforward way to move closer to completing a goal when a task has been carried out.